Simple options to weatherproof your log cabin
One of the most quoted reasons for wanting to live in a log cabin, second to only the freedom of a log cabin, is the rustic feel that comes with a natural log home.
If you’re reading this and have lived or holidayed in a log cabin then you will know exactly what we mean by this – the look, feel and smell of the timber is fantastic.
With this rustic feel comes danger! Regardless of the visual benefits for leaving the timber in its natural exposed form, it is important to make sure you weatherproof your log cabin and treat the timber.
Protecting and maintaining your timber is an easy job, but it’s one which is often neglected or forgotten about – don’t let this be you! It can have a disastrous affect such as log rot or decay.
And, timber maintenance is only one step you can take to preserve your log home. Keep reading to explore the six simple and specific steps you can take to weatherproof your log home and prolong its lifespan.
1. Large roof overhangs
Dampness is the main cause for log cabin deterioration. Having a large roof overhand ensures anything that does fall from the sky lands far away from your cabin. This keeps the amount of rain that does hit your timber to a minimum.
Large overhangs also keep that dreaded sunlight off your cabin’s timber providing shade in the hot months. Having a suitable roof overhang can be the main difference between a cabin that is derelict after 30 years or still in fine condition.
Lots of cabin designs ignore the important of roof overhangs in their design. The most common mistake is making the overhang too short to save on construction costs.
If your roof overhang is too short then your cabin will be susceptible to repeated wettings, especially in high rainfall areas, which can disrupt the moisture content of your logs, cause premature timber failure, multiple ingress points and increase maintenance costs due to repeated staining.
The size of your cabin’s overhang will be linked to the pitch of your roof. However, ideally you want to use a 36” overhang as a minimum on the gable ends.
In a hot northern hemisphere climate the overhang of your roof should really focus on the south side of your cabin, as the sun’s UV will punish this timber. The northern facing elements of your cabin, such as doors and windows, should receive less attention.
When constructing your overhangs make sure you use rain gutters. Many log cabin owners avoid the installation of gutters at their peril. Log cabin guttering will help to mitigate timber rot and add to your cabin’s robustness.
2. Stain and Chinking (Waterproofing)
Moisture in hot and humid climates can very quickly become a large enemy to your log home.
The three most important elements that can impact upon the weatherproofing of your cabin are natural climate, cabin footprint (size) and your budget.
Before you start staining your log cabin, remember that the timber’s longevity will depend upon how thorough you are when it comes to preparing:
- When delivered to site your logs won’t be in perfect condition. Your timber may have mill gaze, road dirt from haulage and dirt from the construction site. Start by corncob blasting your timber to restore your timber back to its original state.
- Any crack or hole larger than 5mm should be filled with elastomeric caulking. Termites and carpenter bees (read) can plague cabins in warmer climate.
Once you’ve prepared your cabin it’s then important to select the right stain for your cabin.
Dark tone stains typically provide better protection from weathering due to their additional pigmentation. Lighter tone stains are more prone to getting sunburn.
Having used permachink in the past for both log finishing (stain) and sealing (chinking), I would suggest you make sure to compare your stain against theirs. Make sure to compare the raw materials and warranty offered by the stain manufacturers with permachinks – this will give you a good rule of thumb if the stain you’re purchasing is high quality or not. You can read more about chinking here.
The interior needs staining too…
If you’ve decided upon leaving the inside of your cabin exposed then make sure you stain certain interior rooms which will be prone to damp.
A good example is the bathroom; showering and running hot water will cause steam condensation, which attacks your timber from the inside! Make sure to stain these rooms and also to use a bathroom extractor that will remove the steam from the room.
Typically, we would recommend that once erected you should stain your log cabin as soon as the local climate permits – ideally within the first week.
After six months the warping and shrinkage of the timber should have settled down.
If you leave your log home for a couple of years before its first stain and waterproof treatment then the warping and shrinkage will have allowed for small ingress points allowing water to penetrate your cabin.
The ideal moisture content for your logs is around 14-15%. Typically, anything above 18% will cause mildew and mold and anything above 20% will cause blistering and rotten timber.
If your cabin has been standing for a few months without any staining then use a moisture meter to measure the cabin’s moisture content before proceeding.
3. A good foundation
Whilst a large roof overhang will ensure water doesn’t drip near the foundation and splash back damage is mitigated it isn’t the only solution. Foundations that your cabin sits upon can very easily start to transmit damp into the base of your cabin. If your foundation hasn’t been laid correctly, it can be equally vulnerable to penetrating moisture.
Waterproofing your foundation will reduce water seepage and transmission to a minimum – the best method is to deal with waterproofing on the outside of your foundation where it’s most likely to exist.
To mitigate water seepage you need to place a membrane between the foundation pad and your cabin. This can be achieved with two approaches:
- Placing insulation in the base of your cabin to act as a membrane between your cabin and the concrete pad.
- Alternatively, if you’re on a budget, then placing plastic bags or plastic liner in the base of your cabin home can be an effective liner.
You can read more on the different foundation techniques for log cabins and how to apply them to your log cabin.
4. Regular Maintenance
Building a new log cabin will ensue your family has lots of holidays together, maintaining a log cabin will ensure future generations have lots of holidays together!
Maintaining your log cabin is all about keeping the effects of the sun, water damage and insects to a minimum.
If you have applied good log cabin design and construction prudence (such as large roof overhangs, rain guttering and foundations) then log cabin maintenance shouldn’t be difficult.
Simple tips, such as removing insects, pollen and dust from the logs each season is a very good start. Obviously, most of your work and attention will on the south-facing side of your cabin.
After routine cleaning annual staining is essential. Some cabin owners view the stain and chinking process as a one-off. Continuous application of staining may be laborious but the costs of maintenance will be dramatically reduced to just the cost of a few tins of stain each year.
A good solution to apply when cleaning your cabin before staining is oxygen bleach. Oxygen bleach is a powder form, which you can mix with water to create a cleaning solution. When using a solution apply the cleaner from the bottom-up and rinse from the top-down – this prevents the uneven application of cleaning solution to your timber.
When you are cleaning your cabin always start with a small patch in the corner to test the solution doesn’t create an undesired impact on your cabin.
Don’t use a pressure washer or hash chemicals when cleaning your cabin! Forcing water into the logs at a high pressure can cause you to alter the humidity of your logs and drastically shortening the life span of your cabin.
Get a wet sponge and rinse the sponge on your cabin, if the water beads and runs off the logs fast then it’s a good sign an oil-based preservative has been used. If the timber absorbs the water then the protective lacquer has likely worn off.
Keep an eye-out…
During periods of maintenance look out for caulking which has come adrift. If you find any, cut the remaining caulking out with a knife, let the timber dry and then apply a new layer of caulking before you stain the cabin.
5. Construction type
Your cabin construction type (hand-made or kit-made) will also have a large influence over how well your cabin preserves.
Handmade cabins, where the timber is harvested and hewn on site, will require chinking. Chinking ensures that logs, which don’t perfectly fit, have a nice seal. Permachink is a sealant you can use to apply in the gaps between your hewn logs to prevent external infiltration (air and water) and heat loss.
Always remember when using caulking to apply a first coat of stain before caulking.
Alternatively, if you have purchased a kit-cabin then typically the logs align very well and interlock with a tongue and groove joint which is more resistant to weathering.
The selection of hand-made or kit-cabins may also impact upon the vertical wall shrinkage. Vertical wall shrinkage is something we discussed in number one tips for log cabin homes
Vertical wall shrinkage is often forgotten about when building log cabins but is a very important factor. Vertical wall shrinkage is most prevalent in naturally harvested logs
Whatever construction type you select, simple additions to your cabin such as lead flashing above all of your doors and windows will help to mitigate jamb rot.
An alternative approach is to recede the openings into the cabin using the natural depth of the log to provide natural protection.
6. The power of ventilation
Proper ventilation in your log cabin will allow for natural drying of the logs and continuous air movement.
Ventilation becomes more important depending upon the type of cabin your have built.
If your cabin is being used all year round then it’s plausible that the constant opening of windows and doors will provide suitable ventilation for the circulation of air in your cabin.
However, if your cabin is a holiday or seasonal cabin then ventilation becomes very important.
There is some truth to the fact that cabin’s can breath naturally as they are made from timber, however, in my experience I have found this is very limited and if left locked up for a few months doesn’t really provide any benefit.
Purchasing a few natural air vents from your local DIY store and installing them in your cabin is very fast and easy but can avoid common issues.
The best option is to have two air vents facing opposite each other with one near the floor and one near the ceiling.
Effects of not installing ventilation
Pressure and moisture builds up internally in a log home, due to minor pressure differences internally and externally, and is forced out through tiny cracks and imperfections in the cabin.
Installing ventilation will help to mitigate from the potential damp and cracking caused by pressure differences.
In summary, start you log cabin home construction process with design prudence (roof overhangs, rain guttering and air ventilation). Apply the best stain and chinking internally and externally. Finally, perform regular maintenance to remove mildew, pollen and dust from your cabin and regularly stain.
If you follow these six simple steps your cabin will be passed form generation to generation and will preserve very well.
Do you have any comments or pieces of advice for weatherproofing a log home? Why not share them in the comments below?